THE EFL STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION OF THEIR FOREIGN LANGUAGE ANXIETY IN SPEAKING CLASS

Dita Anggraeny, Iskhak Said, R. Bunga Febriani

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is aimed at investigating the factors that influence foreign language anxiety among the students in a speaking class, and how they perceive about overcoming foreign language anxiety. The present study used a questionnaire to find out the factors that influenced students’ foreign language anxiety. An interview was conducted in order to find out the students’ perception of their foreign language anxiety. It was found that students felt anxious when they were unable to comprehend communication in class (62.5%). Test and speaking in front of class became one of the factors that caused students to experienced anxiety (43%). On the other hand, fear of receiving bad comments from the teacher and the other students was the third factor that students experienced anxiety (61.8%). Through the semi-structured interviews, it showed that students reduced the anxiety by practicing the pronunciation, and memorizing the vocabulary. Besides, the teacher played a role in creating and reducing students’ foreign language anxiety. The teacher who was able to create an enjoyable learning atmosphere, and focused on student-centered learning, the students argued that it could reduce their foreign language anxiety.

 

Keywords: Speaking, Anxiety, Foreign Language Anxiety

 

ABSTRAK

Tujuan dari artikel ini bertujuan untuk menyelidiki faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kecemasan bahasa asing di antara siswa di kelas berbicara, dan bagaimana mereka memandang tentang mengatasi kecemasan bahasa asing. Penelitian ini menggunakan kuesioner untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kecemasan bahasa asing siswa. Wawancara dilakukan untuk mengetahui persepsi siswa tentang kecemasan bahasa asing mereka. Ditemukan bahwa siswa merasa cemas ketika mereka tidak dapat memahami komunikasi di kelas (62,5%). Tes dan berbicara di depan kelas menjadi salah satu faktor yang menyebabkan siswa mengalami kecemasan (43%). Di sisi lain, ketakutan menerima komentar buruk dari guru dan siswa lain adalah faktor ketiga yang membuat siswa mengalami kecemasan (61,8%). Melalui wawancara semi-terstruktur menunjukkan bahwa siswa mengurangi kecemasan dengan mempraktikkan pengucapan, dan menghafal kosa kata. Selain itu, guru berperan dalam menciptakan dan mengurangi kecemasan bahasa asing siswa. Guru yang mampu menciptakan suasana belajar yang menyenangkan, dan fokus pada pembelajaran yang berpusat pada siswa, para siswa berpendapat bahwa itu dapat mengurangi kecemasan bahasa asing mereka.

 

Kata kunci: Berbicara, Kecemasan, Kecemasan Bahasa Asing

 


Full Text:

PDF

References


Akkakoson, S. (2016). Speaking Anxiety in English Conversation Classrooms among Thai Students. Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction. 13(1), 63-82.

Aghajani, M. & Amanzadeh, H. (2017). The Effect of Anxiety on Speaking Ability: An Experimental Study on EFL Learners. Journal of Applied Linguistics and Language Research. 4(7), 154-164.

Catagay, S. (2015). Examining EFL Students’ Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety: The Case at a Turkish State University. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. 199(3), 648-656.

Farid, M. (2019). The Effectiveness of Using Ted Talks Video in Improving Students Public Speaking Skills in Senior High School. JALL (Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literacy), 3(1), 61-74.

Harmer, J. (2007). The Practice of English Language Teaching. Harlow: Longman

Herwanto, R. (2013). Factors That Cause Language Anxiety in the English Classroom Speaking Performance in SMP Negeri 4 Pakem Yogyakarta. Thesis. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Idri, N. (2012). Foreign Language Anxiety Among Algerian EFL Students: The Case of first year Students of English at the University of Abderahmane Mira-Béjaia; LMD (Licence/ Master/ Doctorate) System Group. Universal Journal of Education and General Studies. 1(3), 055-064.

Kasar, S. O., & Didem, T. (2015). Language : The Example Of Gazi Univesity Turkish. International Journal Of Languages’ Edcation And Teaching. 3(3), 1062–1073.

Lababidi, R.A. (2016). Language Anxiety : A Case Study of the Perceptions and Experiences of Students of English as a Foreign Language in a Higher Education Institution in the United Arab Emirates. English Language Teaching. 9(9), 185-198.

Mahmoodzadeh, M. (2012). Investigating Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety within the EFL Learner's Interlanguage System: The Case of Iranian Learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research. 3(3), 466-476

Medjahdi, W. (2015). Reading comprehension difficulties among EFL learners: The case of third-year learners at Nehali Mohamed Secondary School. (Unpublished master thesis). University of Tlemcen.

Melouah, A. (2013). Foreign Language Anxiety in EFL Speaking Classrooms: A Case Study of First-year LMD Students of English. Algeria: Saad Dahlab University of Blida. 4(1), 64-76.

Öztürk, G., & Saydam, D. (2014). Anxiety and Self-efficacy in Foreign Language Writing: The Case in Turkey Yabancı Dilde Yazmada Özyeterlik ve Kaygı: Türkiye ’ de Bir Durum Çalışması. Başkent University Journal Of Education. 1(2), 10-21.

Sadiq, J. (2017). Anxiety in English Language Learning: A Case Study of English Language Learners in Saudi Arabia. English Language Teaching. 10(7), 1-7.

Shabani, M. B. (2012). Levels and sources of language anxiety and fear of negative evaluation among Iranian EFL learners. Theory and Practice in Language Studies. 2(11), 2378–2383.

Stawiarska, M. M. (2015). Investigating Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety Among Advanced Learners of English. Issues in Teaching, Learning and Testing Speaking in a Second Language, Second Language Learning and Teaching. Linguistica Silesiana. 35(10), 103-119.

Sugiarto, B.R., Sofwan, A., & Sutopo, D. (2015). Mood Realization of the Learning Activities in the Grade VII English Textbook Published By the Ministry of Education and Culture. English Education Journal, 5(1).

Wu, A. (2016). An Investigation into the Relationship between Genders and Foreign Language Anxiety. Thesis, Fu Jen Catholic University.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25157/wa.v7i1.3123

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Wahana Pendidikan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License