PENINGKATAN PERAN KOHESI DAN SOLIDARITAS SOSIAL PETANI MEDUKUNG KEBERHASILAN PENYALURAN JARING PENGAMAN SOSIAL DI MASA PANDEMI COVID19

Roosganda Elizabeth

Abstract


The Covid19 pandemic outbreak, which is fast and widespread, has spread throughout the world and is still ongoing, greatly affecting the economy of people and life in all countries. The impact on the socio-economic life of society and the country, including increased unemployment and economic hardship. The absence of income due to disconnection / loss of livelihood sources to meet food and clothing needs is an important pillar. Apart from the economic and health sectors, it also affects the agricultural sector and related to it. This paper aims to present the active role of the government in overcoming economic difficulties and the agricultural sector through the distribution of the Social Safety Net (SSN/JPS) assistance program which is more targeted, the type of assistance and the timing of its receipt. With the qualitative descriptive method, a review of various information, literature and results of studies related to the distribution of JPS especially to small farmers during the Covid 19 pandemic is described. Various situations and conditions in society and the world tend to reflect panic not only in health, but also extending to the economic structure food security and social life which require more serious handling. The Covid-19 pandemic is a momentum that has brought various broad and multi-dimensional impacts, where normal mechanisms that rely on market mechanisms are difficult to recover. The need to empower and increase social cohesion and solidarity which are very important in maintaining cohesion between citizens and being a means of social control, accompanied by the values of altruism that have grown and developed in society must be revived as social solidarity that can strengthen social cohesion. The JPS program is a necessity that must be carried out by the government, even though it is accompanied by interventions in the smooth implementation of its distribution.

Keywords


small farmers, vulnerable, social safety net, social cohesion, social solidarity

References


Aiyer, S., A. Parker and J. V. Zyl. 1995. The Myth Of Large-Farm Superiority AGR Dissemination Notes. No. 6 (August 1995) http://www-wds.worldbank.org/.....

Altieri, M. A. 1995. Agroecology: The Science of Sustainable Agriculture. Boulder: Westview Press.

Amaluddin, M. 1987. Kemiskinan dan Polarisasi Sosial: Studi Kasus di Desa Bulugede, Kendal, Jawa Tengah. UI-Press, Jakarta

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2020. Analisis Hasil Survei Dampak Covid-19 Terhadap Pelaku Usaha. BPS. Jakarta.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2020. Survei Sosial Demografi Dampak Covid-19 2020. BPS. Jakarta

Elizabeth. R. 2019. Peningkatan Dayasaing Tanaman Pangan Melalui Akselerasi Agroindustri Dan Pemberdayaan Kelembagaan Pertanian. Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis. Vol 5, No 2 (2019): Juli 2019. Akreditasi Nomor 34/E/KPT/2018 at SINTA 4 (S4) rank. Accreditation is valid from December 10, 2018 to December 10, 2023. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25157/ma.v5i2.2411

Elizabeth. R. 2017. Revitalisasi Industri Produk Olahan Dan Pemberdayaan Lembaga Kemitraan Mendukung Peningkatan Pemasaran, Daya Saing Dan Pensejahteraan Petani Pisang. Journal of Agricultural Scienties. UNES. (Universitas Ekasakti). Padang Sumatera Barat. Volume 2. Issue 1. June 2017. ISSN Cetak: 2528-5556. ISSN Online: 2528-6226.

Elizabeth. R. 2017a. Akselerasi Pemberdayaan Dan Peningkatan Kompetensi Dalam Sistem Produksi Untuk Mengatasi Permasalahan Ekonomi Di Indonesia. Volume 2. Issue 1. June 2017. ISSN Cetak: 2528-5556. ISSN Online: 2528-6226.

Chappell, M.J. and L. A. LaValle. 2011. Food Security and Biodiversity: can we have Both? An Agroecological Analysis. Agriculture and Human Values, Vol. 28(1): 3-26.

Eg Peter Hazell, January 2005. Is there a Future for Small Farms? Agricultural Economics, Vol. 32, pp93-101. doi:10.1111/ j.0169-5150.2004.00016.

Fatma Gül Ünal, October 2006. Small Is Beautiful: Evidence Of Inverse Size Yield Relationship In Rural Turkey Policy Innovations. http://www.policyinnovations.org/ideas/policy_library/data/01382

Francis Fukuyama, Trust: Kebajikan Sosial dan Penciptaan Kemakmuran, Yogyakarta: Penerbit Qalam, 2002, hal. 36.

Francis Fukuyama, The Great Disruption: Hakikat Manusia dan Rekonstitusi Tatanan Sosial, Yogyakarta: Penerbit Qalam, 2014, hal. 42 dan 24.

Harvest, Fatal (ed).n. The Seven Deadly Myths of Industrial Agriculture: Myth Oneo. August 22, 2002. http://www.alternet.org/story/ 13900/. "The Seven Deadly Myths of Industrial Agriculture" were Compiled by the editors of Fatal Harvest, which is published by the Foundation for Deep Ecology and distributed by Island Press.

https://www.beritasatu.com/politik/628877-penyalahgunaan-bansos-untuk-kepentingan-politik-marak-terjadi

https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/data-terkini-jumlah-korban-virus-corona-di-indonesia.html

https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20200429062046-20-498263/calon-episentrum-corona-baru-semarang-surabaya-dan-makassar

https://nasional.kontan.co.id/news/pengangguran-akibat-COVID-19-bisa-melebihi-hitungan-pemerintah

https://nasional.kontan.co.id/news/pengangguran-akibat-COVID-19-bisa-melebihi-hitungan-pemerintah

https://finance.detik.com/berita-ekonomi-bisnis/d-5011381/phk-tak-terbendung-bahaya-gelombang-kemiskinan-baru.

https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20200519/9/1242697/anggaran-pemulihan-ekonomi-nasional-naik-2-kali-lipat-untuk-apa

https://money.kompas.com/read/2020/05/19/063600726/anggaran-pemulihan-dampak-pandemi-naik-jadi-rp-641-17-triliun-ini-rinciannya?page=all

McKone, C.E. 1990. FAO People's Participation Programme - the First 10 Years: Lessons Learnt and Future Directions. Human Resources Institutions and Agrarian Reform Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1990.

Monbiot, G. 2008. Peasant Farmers Offer the Best Chance of Feeding the World. So why do we treat them with Contempt? The Guardian, 10 June 2008.

Mubyarto dan A. Santosa. 2003. Pembangunan Pertanian Berkelanjutan: Kritik terhadap Paradigma Agribisnis. Artikel dalam Majalah Ekonomi Rakyat Th. II No. 3, Mei 2003. (http://www.ekonomirakyat.org/edisi_15/artikel_7.htm., 29 September 2020).

Portes, A. 2006. Institution and Development: A Conceptual Reanalysis [Institusi dan Pembangunan: Sebuah Analisis-Ulang Konseptual]. Population and Development Review 32 (2): 233i 262.

Rosset, P.M. The Multiple Functions and Benefits of Small Farm Agriculture In the Context of Global Trade Negotiations. By Ph.D. September 1999. Food First/The Institute for Food and Development Policy Oakland, CA USA. http://www.foodfirst.org/ node/246.

Santosa, D.A. 2011. RUU Kedaulatan Petani. Harian Kompas, 8 September 2011.

Santosa, D.A. 2012. Benih Kedaulatan Petani. Harian KOMPAS, 4 Juni 2012

Setiawan, U. Deputi Sekretaris Jenderal Konsorsium Pembaruan Agraria (KPA). 17 April, Hari Perjuangan Petani Sedunia. Copy-right Sinar Harapan 2003. (http://www.terranet.co.id/beritanya.php?id =11639, 21 April 2005).

Syahyuti. 2012. Kelemahan Konsep dan Pendekatan dalam Pengembangan Organisasi Petani: Analisis Kritis terhadap Permentan No. 273 tahun 2007. Majalah Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian Vol .10 No.2 tahun 2012).

Syahyuti. 2012. 35 tahun Berkarya untuk Petani: Sinopsis Penelitian PSE-KP periode 1976 i 2010. IAARD Press.

Syahyuti. 2013. Pemahaman Terhadap Petani Kecil Sebagai Landasan Kebijakan Pembangunan Pertanian. Forum Agro Ekonomi. Vol.31 No.1 Juli 2013:15-29. Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian. Bogor. Kementerian Pertanian. Jakarta

Tjondronegoro, S.M.P. 1984. Sosial Organization and Planned Development in Rural Java: A Study of the Organizational Phenomenon in Kecamatan Cibadak, West Java and Kecamatan Kendal, Central Java, Singapore: Oxford University Press.

Tjondronegoro, S.M.P. 1999. Revolusi Hijau dan Perubahan Sosial di Pedesaan Jawa. Dalam buku Keping-Keping Sosiologi dari Pedesaan. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi, Departemen Pen- didikan dan Kebudayaan RI. Hal. 22.

Trijono, L. 1994. Pasca Revolusi Hijau di Pedesaan Jawa Timur (pp. 23-31). Majalah Prisma No. 3, Maret 1994.

Soekartawi. Sebuah Catatan Tentang Definisi Petani Besar Dan Kecil. Lektor Madya pada Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya.

World Bank. 2008. World Development Report: Agriculture for Development.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25157/ma.v7i1.4716

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

____________________________________________________________________________

Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Galuh

Jl. RE Martadinata No. 150 Ciamis 46274

Telepon: (0265) 2754011, Fax: (0265) 776787

Email: mimbaragribisnis@unigal.ac.id; mimbaragribisnis@gmail.com

Lisensi Creative Commons

Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis is licensed under a Creative Commons Atribution ShareAlike 4.0 Internasional License

____________________________________________________________________________

Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis diindeks oleh: