KOMODITAS PADI: TELAAH KEHILANGAN HASIL SAAT PANEN DI KABUPATEN JOMBANG

Syarif Imam Hidayat, Setyo Parsudi, Gerin Lingga Ayu Mustika Putri

Abstract


The research was conducted in Mojowarno District, Ngoro District and Peterongan District, Jombang Regency, from March to April 2020, in the rice field area. The aim of this research is to calculate the amount of yield loss and the value of the loss, to analyze the factors that influence the loss of yields, the efforts and strategic actions of farmers and the government to reduce yield losses. The missing results in this study include: harvesting, heaping, threshing, and drying activities. The research method used is descriptive quantitative method with the respondent determination technique using quota sampling of 75 people who are farmers in three sub-districts of Jombang Regency. The analysis technique used is the method of calculating the amount of loss and loss value (Riska, 2016), multiple linear regression, classical and descriptive assumption tests. The results of the study showed that the yield loss per hectare was 12.7% and the loss value was Rp.5,945,386.2, - Through the multiple linear regression method, it was found that there was a significant influence on land area, harvest age, farmer behavior, varieties, tools and the method of harvesting, thresher tools and the season for the loss of crop yields of 70.9% and the remaining 20.1% are other factors not examined. Strategic efforts that can be made for farmers are to use wholesale harvesting power, harvest on time, reduce threshing of grain at home, reduce the use of easy-to-fall rice varieties and reduce collection before threshing. For the government, this can be done by increasing the capacity and skills of farmers (capacity building), utilizing appropriate technology according to location, forming and empowering farmer groups.


Keywords


Loss of Yield, Rice

References


Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia. (2018). Survei Konversi Gabah ke Beras 2018. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik

Dinas Pertanian Kabupaten Jombang. (2019). Data Kehilangan Hasil Panen Padi.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation. (2011). Global Food Losses and Food Waste-Extent, Causes and Prevention. Roma (IT): UN FAO.

_____. (2013). The State of Food Insecurity in the World. Roma (IT): FAO.

_____.. (2014). Global Initiative of Food Losses and Waste Reduction. Roma (IT): FAO.

Hasbullah, R. (2010). Gerakan Nasional Penurunan Susut Pascapanen, Suatu Upaya Menanggulangi Krisis Pangan. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Hasbullah, R. dan A.R. Dewi. (2012). Teknik Penanganan Pascapanen Padi untuk Menekan Susut dan Meningkatkan Rendeman Giling. Jurnal Pangan. Vol.21. No.1. pp 17-28

Iswari, K. (2012). Kesiapan Teknologi Panen dan Pascapanen Padi dalam Menekan Kehilangan Hasil dan Meningkatkan Mutu Beras. Jurnal Litbang Pertanian, 31(2), 58–67.

Nugraha, S., R. Thahir, dan Sudaryono. (2007). Keragaan Kehilangan Hasil Pascapanen Padi pada 3 (Tiga) Agroekosistem. Buletin Teknologi Pascapanen Pertanian. 3(1): 42-49.

Riska, A. M.. (2016). Perkiraan kehilangan pangan( food loss dan food waste ) komoditas beras di indonesia. Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Setyono A, Sutrisno S, Nugraha, Jumali. (2007). Application of Group Harvesting Technique for Rice Farming Second Edition. Sukamandi(ID): Indonesian Center for Rice Research.

_____. A., N. Sigit, dan Sutrisno. (2009). Prinsip Penanganan Pascapanen Padi. Balai Besar Penelitian Tanaman Padi. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pascapanen Pertanian. http://www.litbang.pertanian.go.id/ special/padi/bbpadi_2009_itkp_18.pdf. Diakses pada 06 Januari 2020.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25157/ma.v7i1.4731

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

____________________________________________________________________________

Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Galuh

Jl. RE Martadinata No. 150 Ciamis 46274

Telepon: (0265) 2754011, Fax: (0265) 776787

Email: mimbaragribisnis@unigal.ac.id; mimbaragribisnis@gmail.com

Lisensi Creative Commons

Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis is licensed under a Creative Commons Atribution ShareAlike 4.0 Internasional License

____________________________________________________________________________

Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis diindeks oleh: