DINAMIKA USAHA PENGGILINGAN PADI KECIL DI MASA PANDEMI COVID-19 : STUDI KASUS KECAMATAN PURBARATU, KOTA TASIKMALAYA

Nisrina Guzmarani, Mahra Arari Heryanto, Elly Rasmikayati, Trisna Insan Noor

Abstract


The existence of the Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia has had an impact on the Small Rice Milling Unit (Small RMU). With the massive assistance given at the beginning of the pandemic to help the community and to reduce the spread of Covid-19, causing RMU complain about a decline in income of more than 50%. Systems thinking approach is used to describe the dynamics. To describe the relationship, a Causal Loop Diagram (CLD) is used. While To identify problems and see behavior, one of PRA (Participatory Rural Appraisal) techniques is used, using a trend chart. A model formulation stage, content analysis is used. The results showed that the decrease in income that RMU complained about loss of a large amount of revenue from rice production activities. However, if viewed from the side of overall income, RMU is actually experiencing an increase in income caused by makloon activities and drying floor rentals due to the harvest season in that time span. The existence of these two activities allows RMU to survive during the pandemic.

Keywords


Social Assistance, Rice, Participatory Rural Appraisal, system thinking, Causal Loop Diagram

References


Anugrah, I. S., Saputra, Y. H., & Sayaka, B. (2020) DAMPAK PANDEMI COVID-19 PADA DINAMIKA RANTAI PASOK PANGAN POKOK. Draft makalah Buku Bunga Rampai Covid-19. Bogor (ID): Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian.

Azis, M., Dermoredjo, S. K., & Susilowati, G. (2020) DAMPAK PANDEMI COVID-19 TERHADAP INVESTASI SEKTOR PERTANIAN.

Bassi, A. M., Bianchi, M., Guzzetti, M. M., Pallaske, M. G., & Tapia, C. (2020).Improving the understanding of Circular Economy potential at territorial level using Systems Thinking. Sustainable Production and Consumption, Vol.2, p. 128- 140.

BPS. (2012). Pendataan Industri Penggilingan Padi (PIPA). Katalog BPS:6106001. Oktober2012.

Chambers. R. (1994). The origins and Practice of Participatory Rural Appraisal. World Development, 22(7), 953-969.

Dermoredjo, S. K., Saputra, Y. H., & Azahari, D. H. (2020) DAMPAK PANDEMI COVID-19 TERHADAP PERDAGANGAN DALAM NEGERI KOMODITAS PERTANIAN.

Heryanto, M.A. dkk. (2016). Model Perilaku Petani dalam Adopsi Sistem Usahatani Padi Organik : Paradoks Sosial-Ekonomi-Lingkungan. Jurnal Sosiohumaniora, 18(2), 159-165.

Kirkwood, C. W. (1998). System dynamics methods: A quick introduction. College of Business, Arizona State University, 126.

Luna‐Reyes, L. F., & Andersen, D. L. (2003). Collecting and analyzing qualitative data for system dynamics: methods and models. System Dynamics Review: The Journal of the System Dynamics Society, 19(4), 271-296.

Morrison, Terrence. 2001. Actionable Learning: A Handbook for Capacity Building Through Case Based Learning. Japan: Asian Development Bank Institute

Putri, T. A., Kusnadi, N., & Rachmina, D. (2013). Kinerja Usaha Penggilingan Padi, Studi Kasus Pada Tiga Usaha Penggilingan Padi Di Cianjur, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia, 1(2), 143-154.

Richardson, G. P. (1986). Problems with causal‐loop diagrams. System dynamics review, 2(2), 158- 170.

Richmond, B. (1993). Systems Thinking: Critical Thinking Skills for the 1990s and Beyond. System Dynamics Review, 9(2): 113-133.

Saliem, H. P., Agustian, A., & Perdana, R. P. (2020). Dinamika harga, permintaan, dan upaya pemenuhan pangan pokok pada era pandemi Covid-19. Draft makalah Buku Bunga Rampai Covid-19. Bogor (ID): Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian.

Senge, P. (2002). Buku Pegangan Disiplin Kelima, Strategi dan Alat-alat untuk Membangun Organisasi Pembelajaran. The Fifth Discipline Fieldbook. Alih Bahasa Hari Suminto. Batam: Interaksara.

Sterman, John D. (2000). Business Dynamics: System Thinking and Modeling for a Complex World. United State of America (USA): McGraw-Hill Higher Educatiion

Sobirin, A., & Rosid, A. (2016). Entrepreneurial orientation of family firm within maturity industry: A Multi-Case Study in Rice Milling Industry in Indonesia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 219, 710-716.

Sugiyono. (2020). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung. Alfabeta.

Todorovic, V., Maslaric, M., Bojic, S., Jokic, M., Mircetic, D., & Nikolicic, S. (2018). Solutions for more sustainable distribution in the short food supply chains. Sustainability, 10(10), 3481.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25157/ma.v7i2.5553

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

____________________________________________________________________________

Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Galuh

Jl. RE Martadinata No. 150 Ciamis 46274

Telepon: (0265) 2754011, Fax: (0265) 776787

Email: mimbaragribisnis@gmail.com

Lisensi Creative Commons

Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis is licensed under a Creative Commons Atribution ShareAlike 4.0 Internasional License

____________________________________________________________________________

Mimbar Agribisnis: Jurnal Pemikiran Masyarakat Ilmiah Berwawasan Agribisnis diindeks oleh: