GAMBARAN PENYEBAB BAYI LAHIR MATI (STILLBIRTH) PADA PROSES PERSALINAN

Selly Melasti Putri, Widya Maya Ningrum

Abstract


Stillbirth is an infant mortality occurring before birth, but after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Factors that cause stillbirth are the auxiliary factors and place of labor and complication of labor. Data in Tasikmalaya regency, the incidence of stillbirth year 2016 as much as 213 cases (0.68%), in 2017 as many as 187 cases (0.6%). The purpose of this study is to know the description of the cause of stillbirth in the birth process in Tasikmalaya district in 2017. This study is useful for midwives as a benchmark in improving the quality of services by providing midwifery care to mothers especially in cases of birth-causing deaths caused because of the labor process.

This research type is quantitative with descriptive method. The population in this study of mothers who have stillborn infants as many as 187 cases. Then the data were collected using secondary data obtained from KIA book and verbal autopsy then analyzed descriptive.

The results showed that maternity assistants in mothers with stillborn babies were mostly midwives (71.1%), maternal places with stillborn babies mostly in public hospitals (72.2%) and complications of delivery in mothers with stillbirths were mostly breach position (10.7%).

The conclusion of this study is the case of stillbirth most of the birth attendants are midwives, housed in the hospital and caused by breach position. Therefore midwives are advised to make early efforts to prevent maternal complications during pregnancy, childbirth and infant and to optimize the provision of midwifery services such as counseling to pregnant women the importance of delivery by nakes in health facilities.

Keywords: Causes, Stilbirth, Labor

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25157/midjoger.v1i1.2003

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